In industry and services in 2012 was 2 million 646 thousand 117 venture operates .
Turkey Statistical Institute ( TSI), for the years 2011 to 2013'Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Statistics, was released . Accordingly, the Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs ) 99.8 percent of the total number of enterprises , employment of 75.8 percent , 54.5 percent of wages and salaries , 63.3 percent of turnover , value added at factor cost value ( FMKD ) 54.2 per cent and 53.2 per cent of gross investment in tangible goods has created .
SMEs statistical classification of economic activities ( NACE Rev. 2 ) , according 40.4 per cent of enterprises Wholesale and retail trade; Motor vehicles and motorcycles Repair, 15.9 per cent of the Transportation and Storage, 12.7 percent of the Manufacturing Industry'in the activities showed .
Wholesale and retail trade , motor vehicles and motorcycles Repair in the activity of SMEs in the ; 29.5 percent of employment , 24 percent of wages and salaries , turnover of 53.8 percent , 27.2 percent of value added at factor cost , share of gross investment in tangible goods amounted to 23.2 per cent .
SME LR percent of exports in 2013
59.2 has have enabled
in exports ; 1-9 persons , while 17.8 per cent share of micro-enterprise , small-sized enterprises 10-49 employees 24.1 percent , the share of medium-sized enterprises with 50-249 persons engaged 17.3 percent , 250+ persons engaged in large-scale initiatives the share was 40.7 per cent .
according to the main activity of the initiative , 35 percent of SMEs export industry, 60.4 percent were made by SMEs in the trade sector .
SMEs LERA percent of imports in 2013
39, was 9
in imports ; 1-9 5.7 percent share of micro-enterprise employees , 10-49 employees , the share of small scale enterprises 16.2 percent , the share of medium-sized enterprises with 50-249 persons engaged by 17.9 percent , the share of large-scale initiatives working people 250+ was 60.1 per cent .
the main activities of the initiative by the 34.9 per cent of imports of SMEs in industry, 55.9 percent were carried out by SMEs in the trade sector .
by country groups Analyzing foreign trade in 2013 , 45.9 percent of exports by SMEs to European countries , 38.7 per cent were carried out to Asian countries . SMEs 51.4 percent of imports from European countries , the Asian countries made 38.9 percent .
SMEs LERIN percent of exports
91.5'< strong> IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS has CREATE
of SMEs in export garment sector 14.5 percent , \"base metals \"in 12.1 percent and \"textile products\"'s share was 10.3 per cent . SMEs in the imports of the prominent sectors \"of chemicals and chemical products \"( 15.6 percent ), \"base metals \"( 14.8 percent ) and \"not elsewhere classified machinery and equipment \"( 12.7 percent ) was.
number of employees compared to the size of the three-year period , covering 2010-2012, with 10 or more employees, 48.5 per cent of enterprises with innovation activity found. The number of employees in SMEs , this ratio was 48 percent , which is 10 to 249 .
Number of employees by size groups of 10-49 employees, 46.5 per cent of the SMEs , the SMEs with 50-249 employees was found in 56.1 percent of the innovation activities .
innovative SMEs in the industrial sector , while 49 per cent , the rate is 46.8 per cent of SMEs in the service sector .
SMEs per cent of
26.3'< strong> Ü PRODUCTS AND/OR process innovation in ACTIVITY FOUND
26.3 percent of SMEs , covering 2010-2012, three year period, the product and/or process innovation in activities ( including innovation activities ongoing and inconclusive ) were found. Ongoing innovation activities within the same period, 13.8 per cent of SMEs , innovation activity is 3.5 per cent of SMEs inconclusive .
43,2's percent of SMEs covering the years 2010-2012 in three years the organization and/or marketing innovation activity found. In this context, organizational innovation of SMEs, 31.2 percent , 34.3 percent held marketing innovation .